How did marriage start, and how did it become?
“Love is the secret of any successful marriage.” Before we disagree or agree with that statement, let us first ask what about marriage before love? Marriage for love did not appear until about two hundred years ago, while marriage or the relationship of a man to a woman in an eternal relationship is one of the systems established since the beginning of creation. Still, the first official marriage contract, as confirmed by various historical sources, was issued in Mesopotamia in 2350 before Christmas.
So the obvious question that arises here is, how did marriage start? Or what are the motives other than the passion that drives men and women to marry?
To understand those motives that plunge us into relationships that will not end in life, we must first learn about the forms of marriage and how it has evolved from primitive man to date.
The development of forms of marriage in the Neanderthal
Primitive man did not depend on a single type of friendship but instead defined marriage more than one way, and each style has its criteria and motives that we will learn in detail in the following:
Alliance for need, or what is known as mutual benefit marriage
The oldest form of marriage has ever been invented by the Neanderthal to meet his needs; when he was utterly alone without a tribe or a group he belonged to because the woman here only needed protection while the man needed someone to cook instead of him, so the two were linked in a relationship of marriage to benefit.
However, the matter was not easy and straightforward all the time; there was a time that passed on the Neanderthal when the number of men exceeded the number of women by a significant difference, so the spread of what is known as the kidnapping marriage became the most common means of marriage at that time.
Forms of marriage in primitive societies after the emergence of tribes
The development of different tribes had a significant impact on the marriage system, which has many types and diversity; we mention to you:
With the many wars between the different tribes, the men of the victorious tribe had the right to exile the defeated tribe women and marry them, or to consider them as slaves of pleasure and service.
The allowance system also spread as one of the well-known methods of an alliance between tribes, where women are exchanged here between different tribes for the wedding.
Now that we know about the forms of marriage in primitive societies, let’s get to know the types of marriage in different ancient civilizations quickly?
Marriage in ancient Egyptian civilization
The ancient Egyptian civilization paid great attention to a wedding , and gave significant consideration to the passion as one of the most important motives for marriage, as marriage in the ancient Egyptian civilization was based on respect and equality to the degree with which the wife’s image was engraved on the grave of her husband as clear evidence of her significant role in his life and her desire to participate in The other life too.
In ancient Egyptian civilization, marriage with only one wife was prevalent, which we can consider as clear evidence of what we have previously mentioned about the role that passion played in choosing a life partner, as well as the extent to which the husband respects the wife and considers her a partner no less critical or essential.
As for the marriage agreements, they did not differ much from what is happening now, as there must be witnesses to the marriage, as the husband provides a suitable dowry to the wife, and the agreement provides for the inclusion of children in the wife in the event of divorce for any reason.
Marriage in Mesopotamia civilization
In Mesopotamia, the wedding had its sanctity and respect, where death was the adequate punishment for crimes of marital infidelity, and we can say here that the first goal of the wedding in the Mesopotamian civilization is birth and continuity, which made the penalty for abortion or any intentional or unintended act that caused abortion is 50 lashes, forced labor, and sometimes executions, degrees of punishment here vary according to the circumstances and causes of abortion.
Since the passion here did not play a role similar to the importance attached to reproduction here, it was permissible for the husband to marry more than once after the consent of the first wife, who is usually unable to have children or is ill.
As for the wife who does not wish for the continuation of life, she must come to prove that her husband does not respect their marital life and the conditions stipulated in the marriage agreement.
wedding in the ancient European civilization
The old European culture paid a great deal of attention to marriage, as unjustified celibacy was considered a crime punishable by a celibate by denying its right to vote or seeing public processions. Instead, the matter in ancient Rome reached the virginity of the celibate, increased taxes imposed on it, and deprivation of inheritance as long as it did not marry within 100 days of the inherited death.
Here too, the first goal of marriage was to increase offspring, so taxes were reduced as the number of children increased, which amounted to a full tax exemption when having three or more children.
Now that we have learned about the development of marriage and its motives in Neanderthals and various ancient civilizations, let us quickly address the most critical and most important symbols and traditions of friendship from ancient times until now.
The most common symbols of wedding
The oldest continuous wedding tradition that remains today is to provide a ring for the bride; it started in ancient Rome according to the prevailing belief that the vein of the second finger (ring finger) relates to the heart, thus ensuring the continuity of love between the spouses as long as the wife wears the wedding ring.
The wedding cake turns into a bouquet.
Here we can combine the cake designed to celebrate the wedding and the bouquet that you throw at the bride at the end of the celebration. In the eighteenth century in Europe, local bread crumbs were thrown over the head of the bride, while the attendees were racing to obtain these crumbs as a sign and good news about the approaching of their wedding of their children.
We will find here that almost the same thing is still done today as one of the symbols and traditions of modern-day marriage, but instead of local bread, the flowers that each bride receives for her unmarried friends are used at the end of the wedding.
Everyone knows the honeymoon as the leave attached to the wedding, those beautiful days that remain a memory for the end of life, but what we do not know about the origin of the honeymoon and the reason for it was what was done in the old, as both the groom and the bride did a lot of eating honey to work on Increased fertility rates.
We have now reached the end. We hope that you have enjoyed with us the identification of different forms of marriage and its rituals — best wishes for a happy marriage.