Sexual harassment is known as one of the essential types of harassment, and it is a form of sexual discrimination and is related to sexual nature. Its content includes any behavior, variety of words, actions, unwanted sexual allusions or inappropriate promises of rewards in exchange for certain sexual services that violate the feelings or body of any person and feel Abused, insulted or insecure, which is illegal, immoral, degrading, socially, morally, and religiously unacceptable.
Where and how can sexual harassment occur?
Any person of us is at risk of being harassed or harassed of any gender and in any social environment, whether home, school, university, workplace, public transportation, public place (restaurants, street), or via the Internet.
The victim and the harasser can be of two different sexes or one gender, and also the harasser can be in a relationship with the victim; for example a coworker or a study, a member of the same family as any parent or sibling, legal guardian, a relative, teacher, student, friend or stranger.
Harassment can happen only once or repeatedly, and this is what often happens, and it can also happen whether there are witnesses or not. There is a possibility that the harasser is not fully aware that his behavior is sexual harassment or that it is an illegal act.
With the increased use of the Internet and social media incorrectly, the incidence of sexual harassment has also risen through video games, chat rooms, and video calls.
Internet sex or electronic sex is one of the most critical issues of the current century that is not being talked about enough.
The difference between sexual harassment and sexual assault
Sexual harassment is a broad term that includes many types of sexual behavior, whether verbal or physical, is not welcome. As for the sexual assault, it refers to sexual contact and is often physical and occurs without the consent of the victim.
Although sexual harassment is a violation of civil laws, in many cases, it is not considered a criminal act, while sexual assault refers to criminal acts (rape or attempted rape, forcing the victim to perform sexual acts such as having oral sex or foreplay Sexual hate and unwanted touch).
Arab cinema .. freedom, or a conspiracy to destroy society ?!
Forms of sexual harassment
Touching or any kind of unwanted physical approach to any part of the body, clothing, face, or hair (hug or forced kissing).
Sexual hints, comments, or suggestive jokes.
Unwanted requests to have sex implicitly or publicly.
Intervention questions in the lives of people or their bodies.
Display sexual material such as photos and videos directly or via the Internet.
Unwanted invitations to go out on dates.
Inappropriately stare at certain places on the person’s body.
Sex-based taunts and insults.
Harassment over the Internet and sending inappropriate videos via social media or online dialogue sites and sexually abusive communications, such as phone calls, messages, faxes, and e-mail that can include sexual threats.
Nudity in front of a person without his desire, such as showing intimate parts or lounging in front of him.
Threatening rape or psychological intimidation with sexual assault.
Types of molesters
Generally, sexual harassment is classified into two categories:
General Harassment: his sexual acts are blatant against those around him.
The invisible harasser: who builds a respectable image for himself in front of everyone, but when he is alone with the victim, his behavior changes.
As for the classification of harassers, in particular, it is determined by the following types:
Predatory Harassment: The kind that gets sexual arousal and an increase in the desire to humiliate others.
Dominant and dominant harassment: It is the most common type, which harasses to impose its control and dominance on people, thereby enhancing and increasing self-confidence.
Harassment of public places: Harassment in the streets and the harassment is verbal or physical, or in the form of sexual comments and notes.
Local or strategic harassment: who harasses to preserve his strategies and privileges at work, such as harassment by a man against a woman employee in a male job.
Y-Peer Peer Education Network and its role in educating young people on sexual health issues
Effects of sexual harassment
Harassment has many and significant impacts, as it affects mental, physical, and psychological health. We can include the essential results as follows:
Stress, anxiety, depression, difficulty concentrating, headache, insomnia, and sleep disturbances.
Eating disorders, fatigue, fatigue, panic attacks, drug use, and suicidal ideation.
Loss of desire or motivation in life.
Anger, fear, humiliation, feelings of guilt, shame, violence, powerlessness, and loss of control.
Low level of academic or practical performance and increased absenteeism for fear of repeated harassment.
Loss of self-confidence and self-esteem and loss of confidence in others.
Nightmares and alcoholism.
Withdrawal and isolation.
Sometimes losing a job and thus losing an income.
It is impacting negatively on sexuality, which could lead to divorce.
I have to change my lifestyle, place of residence, or workplace.
Factors that increase the risk of sexual harassment
These factors can be related to the person or the environment in which they are raised and include:
Drug or alcohol addiction.
Exposure to sexual violence or abuse during childhood.
Join abusive gangs or groups.
Some strange societal customs and convictions that incite harassment (such as a male society that gives an idea to a man that harassment or sexual intercourse is evidence of his strength and masculinity).
The absence of laws that protect victims.
Some mental illnesses and problems with self-control and self-control.
Social isolation of the harasser.
Violent behavior in general, whether within the family or society.
Emotional, financial, or family instability.
Feminism: From the demand for political rights to the sexual revolution!
-How to behave in the event of harassment
It is quite natural for anyone who has been harassed to be afraid or worry about reporting the sexual harassment he has been exposed to or taking any action to stop it, but the leniency in harassment and the lack of any reaction or failure to report is the most influential factor that led to high cases of abuse and harassment. Here We offer a range of options that can help a person study them and think about the appropriate course of action that they can take without endangering themselves:
Requesting the harasser to stop this immediately and try to do it either orally, and the victim is a trusted person as a witness to this or in writing by text message or e-mail, for example. To keep a copy in case, it is needed as proof later.
If harassment is within the scope of work, it is preferable to refer to the laws and policies of the company and complaints mechanisms to know the employee protection policy. If there is not enough information on how to report or complain, it is advisable to resort to the Human Resources Department. Also, the complaint should be documented by a witness, a registered phone call, or mail electronic.
Resorting to a lawyer, talking to him first makes it easier for victims to understand their rights and know the options available to them in the event of filing a formal complaint or filing a case in court, through legal advice and practical advice.